Kiev-Nizhin: Lysenko, – p.; Zhizhko E. Development of professional Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, outside urban. Venezuela officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of For the – period the number of seats is ” Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela” (PDF). Ministry of Education. Act of October 6 of , in force since October the 17 of , that modifies legislation on Maternity .. República Bolivariana de
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ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations. In August of the committee presented its analysis erpublica proposal regarding changes in legislation on maternity protection and It was approved on September 29 of a norm that modifies the Labour code regarding maternity, paternity and parental leave. In October the Act was published. Labour Code, Decree Law No.
Act of October 6 ofin force since October tepublica 17 ofthat modifies legislation on Maternity Protection and Adds Parental Postnatal Leave http: LEY DE Maternity protection is conferred by the Labour Venezufla and covers women workers in the public and private sectors, companies of mixed capital, public administration and public establishments, cooperatives, households, industrial, agricultural, mining and commercial enterprises and it also extents to all women covered by a welfare system.
In case of multiple births, the paid leave will be extended for 7 depublica days for each child after the second one. Historical data year indicates year of data collection If the child is born after the expected date, prenatal leave shall be extended until the birth of the child.
If the worker becomes ill as a result of her pregnancy, or after delivery, she shall be entitled to additional leave for an unspecified period of time. Parental leave is part of the Maternity protection norms conferred by the Labour Code venexuela it covers women workers in the public and private sectors, companies of mixed capital, public administration and public establishments, cooperatives, households, industrial, agricultural, mining and commercial enterprises and it also extents to all women covered by a welfare system.
The worker shall notify the employer her decision to take republuca parental leave. This notification shall be written and send at least 30 days before the expiring date of postnatal leave and through certified mail with copy to the Labour inspector.
Otherwise, the law provides the full-time parental leave as general rule. The father may enjoy this parental leave if the mother decide it, in this case the father shall notify his employer at least 10 days before making use of this right by written and through certified mail with venezkela to the Labour Inspector.
Since January the 1st ofunemployed women may enjoy the bilivariana benefit related to postnatal parental leave up to 36 weeks, if: Female workers are entitled to a paid parental leave up to 12 weeks after the ending of their maternity postnatal leave 12 weeks.
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The Labour Code provides that employed fathers shall be entitled to five days of paid leave following the birth of the child.
There are not qualifying conditions to be entitled with this right. The father is entilted to five days consecutive or not of paid leave.
This right is compulsory and must be taken during the first month after birth. A worker, either man or woman, who is the guardian of a child younger than six months, as a result of having had legal custody or guardianship of the child granted as a means of protection, shall be entitled to leave and benefits. Parental leave granted also for adopters under the Act of please see its lz in our sources.
Please see post natal parental leave Act of October 6 ofin force since October the 17 ofthat modifies legislation on Maternity Protection and Adds Parental Postnatal Leave. Maternity benefits are paid to all women in the public and private sectors and to self-employed workers. If the mother dies during confinement or during the postnatal leave period, the father shall be entitled to benefits and leave under the same conditions as were established for the mother.
To be entitled to these benefits, a worker shall have been affiliated for not less than six months and have paid pa for not less than three months in the six months preceding the starting date of the corresponding medical leave. The Institution in charge of Supervision of the Health services Superintendencia de salud may enact regulations on qualifying conditions.
Since January the 1st of qualifying conditions will change for unemployed. One hundred percent Social security system See qualifying conditions for maternity cash benefits Decree-Law No.
Paternity benefits are paid to all workers in the public and private sectors republiva to self-employed workers. There were not identified qualifying conditions. Hundred percent of the average income of the three months immediately preceding adoption social security contributions and taxes deducted shall be deducted from this amount.
Every woman pa be entitled to medical care during her pregnancy and for six months following the birth of the child. The child shall also be entitled to state protection and health check-ups until the age of six years. Medical care includes medical curative care, examinations and diagnostic and surgical procedures, hospitalization, obstetrical care, treatment, including medication and other care that is necessary at confinement.
Beneficiaries may freely choose their health-care professional or the health-care establishment where these services are provided. Without prejudice of further regulations, the regime will be financed, besides, with tariffs paid by beneficiaries of the services.
A woman shall be entitled to a one hour break to nurse her child below 2 years of age. This right is compulsory. The nursing breaks in agreement with the employer may be taken: Nursing breaks count as working time and shall be remunerated as normal working hours.
Establishments with 20 or more women workers shall have an adjoining and independent room of the workplace where woman workers may go to breastfeed children younger than two years and leave these children while they are at work. The cost of this nursing facilities will be borne in employers. Prohibited for pregnant women. Not identified any prohibition regarding work of pregnant workers during these days.
Boliavriana mentioned Labour Code. In case of serious illness of a child under a year old that requires to take care at home, if certified by a medical certificate issued fepublica endorsed by the services are in charge of medical care children, the working mother is entitled to grant paid permission. In the event that both parents are employed, any of them may enjoy the permit to choice of the gepublica. If the mother has died or the father has granted the custody of the minor by court, he will be entitle to this permit.
In case of terminal or serious illness of a child under 18 years old that requires personal attention, the working mother is entitled to a leave of absence from work for the number of hours equivalent to ten days ordinary work per year, distributed according her choice of full days, partial or a combination thereof.
Medical certificate is needed and has to be issued venezueka the doctor having responsibility for the care of repuglica child. If both parents are working dependent, any of them, at the option of the mother can enjoy this permission. Time not worked shall be returned by the worker booked to its next annual holiday or through extraordinary laboring hours as agreed by the parties. The possibility for pregnant workers to work part-time is not expressly mentioned.
However, the parties may vary the working conditions by mutual agreement. Pregnant workers cannot be obliged to perform any dangerous work, and must be transfered to another type of work. Employers are compelled to take all necessary measures to protect effectively the life and health of all their workers. Institutions in bolvariana of management and surveillance of professional risks shall notify employers about their risks.
Regarding pregnancy in particular, the labor Code enlists a series of works considered as harmful. A woman worker who is typically involved in work that the authority considers harmful to her health during pregnancy, shall be transferred, without decrease in remuneration, to another post that is not prejudicial to her health. In case of illness derived from pregnancy, the woman may enjoy a further paid prenatal leave and its extent will be settled by the institutions that provide her medical with health-care.
In case of illness derived from confinement, the woman may also enjoy an extension of her paid postnatal leave until the date settled by the institutions that provide her with medical health-care.
Work considered prejudicial to health includes any work that obliges the worker to lift, drag or push heavy weights, make physical efforts, including standing for long periods of time, and that the competent authority states as incompatible with pregnancy.
Work considered prejudicial to health includes any work that obliges the worker to lift, drag or push heavy weights, make physical efforts, including standing for long periods of time, is carried out at night, is carried out as overtime, and that the competent authority states as incompatible with pregnancy.
Discrimination, exclusion or preference based on sex, among other things, is contrary to the principles laid down in labour legislation. The employer must comply with the principle of equal remuneration for men and women who do the same job.
It is forbidden to employers conditioning the hiring of female workers, her retention, her renewal of contract, her promotion or mobility in employment to the absence or existence of pregnancy, or to demand for such purposes any certificate or examination to verify whether it is or not stage of pregnancy. This provision also applies to fathers who use the maternity leave of mothers who have died during their confinement.
The worker concerned shall exercise this right within a period of 60 working days from the date of her dismissal. These provisions do not apply to domestic workers. Law for equality of opportunities for women, Official registry No.
Special Law to Dignify the work of concierges, Official registry No. Law to Protect and to Promote breastfeeding, official registry No.
Venezuela – Wikipedia
Organic Law to protect children and adolescents, Official registry 5. Ley de Reforma Parcial del Decreto No.
Law of Employment Benefits Regime, official registry No. Tribunal Supremo de Justicia http: Venezuelan Institute of Social Security http: The maternity protection provided by the Organic Labour Act applies to all workers in the private sector and also public sector who enjoy the benefits of this Act for situations not covered by their own regulations.
Domestic workers are also covered as well as concierges. There are not qualifying conditions in order to be entitled with maternity leave. The duration of Maternity leave 18 weeks is compulsory. The total duration can be enjoyed after confinement.
Th worker is entitled to a maternity leave of 18 weeks 6 weeks before and 12 weeks after confinement If a woman worker does not use all her prenatal leave, through medical authorization or because confinement takes place before the due date, the unused time shall be added to the postnatal period if confinement occurs after the due date, the period of prenatal leave shall be extended until confinement takes place and the amount of postnatal leave shall not be reduced.
In the case of illness resulting from pregnancy or confinement, the woman shall be entitled to leave for a further unspecified period. Fathers, will enjoy a paternity leave of fourteen 14 continuous days, since the date of born of his child. This right also covers adoptive fathers. The norm talk about fathers and there is not an express previous or general scope at the beginning of the norm.
The male worker shall present to his employer a medical certificate regarding the date of born of his child as well as his condition of father of this child. Women workers in the public and private sectors, except the armed forces, who are covered by separate regulations establishing the benefits to which they are entitled and which may not be less than those of workers covered by the Labour Act.
Regarding fathers, the norm creating the paternity leave only mentions fathers without further details. There has not been established conditions for adoption leave for mothers. Adoptive fathers shall present to their employers a medical certificate regarding the date of born of the child as well as his condition of father of this child.
A woman worker who adopts a child under three years of age shall be entitled to maternity leave for up to ten weeks.