Georgius Gemistos (also Plethon or Pletho; in Greek: Γεώργιος Πλήθων Γεμιστός) (c. – ), a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, was one. ABSTRACT: In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon’s defense in his De Differentiis of Plato’s conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle’s. Born in Constantinople about , died in the Peloponnesus, Out of veneration for Plato he changed his name from Gemistos to Plethon. Although he .

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Certainly, Plethon’s position in the Summary is that the universe is eternal.

After his return to Greecehe settled at Misithra in the Peloponnesus, the site of ancient Spartaand there he spent the greater part of his life. As plehon secular scholar, Plethon was often not required for the religious discussions at the Council.

Gemistos founded a school of esoteric religious philosophy at Mistra, where he spent much of his life. Both the second ranking and the third ranking gods are in it. Turkey, pleghon that occupies a unique geographic position, lying partly in Asia and partly in Europe. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

It came into the possession of Princess Theodora, wife of Demetriosdespot of Morea. In Plethon had returned to the Peloponnesus, and there he died and was buried at Misithra in Views Hemistos Edit View history. Now if we take Plethon to be arguing that Plato’s God is a creator ex nihilothen clearly Plethon’s interpretation is wrong.


George Gemistos Plethon: the last of the Hellenes

yemistos Other indications that the passage is an interpolation into the text are the abrupt change from oratio recta in the foregoing passage to oratio obliqua in this one and the fact that this passage contains none of the twelve doctrines. Instead of attending the Council, he spent his time discoursing on Platonism and Zoroastrianism to the Florentines.

In his philosophical system he borrows largely from the Neo-Platonist, Proclus, and mingles with the traditional Neo-Platonic mysticism many popular Oriental superstitions. He thus greatly affected the Renaissance conception of the configuration of the Earth and so played an important, if indirect, role in the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus p,ethon, who cited Strabo among his principal authorities.

His first claim is that ” His punishment was to have his limbs broken, and he, still living, was then cast into the sea. pletohn

George Gemistus Plethon | Byzantine philosopher |

His first is that Aristotle never articulates such a doctrine yet ” Internet URLs are the best. He rejected the concept of a brief reign of evil followed by perpetual happiness, gfmistos held that the human soul p,ethon reincarnated, directed by the gods into successive bodies to fulfill divine order.

Ficino recorded the following about the founding of the Academy: This page was last edited on 10 Novemberat Consequently, the Emperor appointed George Gemistos as part of the delegation. Woodhouse divides De Differentiis into fifty-six numbered paragraphs.


Curiously, we know of the case because it was reviewed by George Scholarios, then Chief Judge at Constantinople. Heterodoxy in Defence of Orthodoxy.

Plethon died in Mistra inor inaccording to J. Inalthough he was then in his eighty-third year, he again accompanied the Emperor to Italywhere he was designated as one of the six champions of the Orthodox Church in the Council of Florence. The original has simply senatus. He was honoured by the Italian Platonists as the restorer of the Academy, and as a martyr for the cause of Platonism.

Georgius Gemistus Plethon

The gods are responsible for much good and no evil, and guide all life towards divine order. Plethon then marshals more arguments to show that Aristotle did not believe that God was the creator plethom the universe. Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

Most of Plethon’s works can be found in J.

Plethon studied in Constantinople and at the Ottoman Muslim court in nearby Adrianople.